In the trans-Siberian railroad was completed, opening eastern Russia to the rest of Europe. Feral bees or bees managed without miticides have intense natural selection pressure, allowing only the most mite resistant colonies to survive. This selection program is designed to produce Russian honey bees of the future that will contribute to the gene pool of the honey bees in the United States in two ways. However, attempting to produce ARS Russian honey bee stock by making crosses other than those recommended by the program may result in inbreeding problems. We expect that at least some of these hybrids would be quite desirable.
However, our best prediction is that there will probably be large variations between different types of hybrids, but generally, that they will be within the usual range for commercial honey bees in the United States, which also are highly varied.
The Russian Honey Bee Breeders Association
During the first year, it was recommended that beekeepers both queen breeders and those that bought production queens produce or obtain enough hybrid Russian colonies to produce the drones needed for the second year to produce "pure" Russian matings. If natural selection can produce tolerance to Varroa, then these bees may be our best bet. The breeder from whom I used to purchase my bees has gone out of business. Indeed, selection will be continuing for at least several years. In the trans-Siberian railroad was completed, opening eastern Russia to the rest of Europe. An earlier USDA introduction of bees from Yugoslavia did much in enhancing resistance to another serious pest, the tracheal mite. Queen breeders will need the Russian drones to produce Russian queens that will foster "pure" Russian colonies.